Ballistic Protection – Guidelines
Using ballistic protection from fire is vital for emergency first responders, especially for structural firefighting and EMS operations. Firefighters and medical providers are at risk from a variety of threats, including firearms, blunt force instruments, knives, sharp needles and chemical hazards. Using personal protective equipment (PPE) can reduce these risks, and should be considered by all first responders.read the full info here offers excellent info on this.
The most appropriate type of ballistic protection for firefighters and EMS personnel is soft-armor. Soft-armor is designed to protect against small arms ammunition and is typically constructed from multiple layers of woven fabric sewn together. The fabric is designed to absorb the energy from a ballistic impact and disperse the load over a large area. This type of protection is lightweight, less bulky and easier to move. It should be integrated into a full clothing system that includes slash and stab protection.
In addition to soft-armor, structural firefighting teams should be outfitted with protective clothing that shields them from thermal risks. Using specific garment design concepts can increase thermal comfort and reduce fatigue. Using a breathable material that moves moisture away from the body can also be considered to improve performance.
When designing a new PPC, it is important to integrate ballistic protection into the ensemble. The PPC should be designed to meet the performance requirements of the wearer and provide a low-profile. The PPC should also be designed to integrate stab protection. It should incorporate moisture wicking materials that allow EMS personnel to breathe.
While many fire departments and EMS organizations are equipped with ballistic vests, these vests are often bulky and restrict mobility. In addition, they provide limited protection against blunt-force instruments. As a result, the wearer is at risk for injuries to his or her vital organs. This is why it is important to use a system engineering approach to design soft armor ballistic protection. By considering a variety of factors, such as the wearer’s weight, mobility and range of motion, and the level of threat, ballistic protection can be designed to fit the needs of the wearer and provide a low-profile, protective garment.
As a result of terroristic attacks and reported attacks on businesses, the need for new standards to protect critical infrastructure has been widely discussed. The Federal Emergency Management Agency recently issued a directorate recommending that all firefighters and emergency medical personnel wear bullet-resistant vests. Other organizations have also created new standards for protecting critical infrastructure.
The National Fire Protection Association has created standards for protective ensembles for structural firefighters and emergency medical personnel. These standards include the ability to provide protection against Level II (9mm high-velocity) rounds and SIG and Magnum rounds. It is important to evaluate new systems that integrate ballistic protection to ensure that they meet NFPA standards for personal protective equipment.
The use of high-powered weaponry by terrorists and criminals has increased, and these attacks have caused millions of dollars in damages. As a result, it is critical to consider the specific requirements of each situation and develop appropriate protection for all first responders. As part of a security plan, the location of likely firing points should be assessed. This will affect the planning of patrol measures and surveillance.